Seafaring monks may have found Iceland as early as 770. Naddoddr the Viking discovered the island in 860. Hrafna-Flóki stayed a few months there several years later. The first permanent settler, though was Ingólfur Arnarson. He arrived at Ingólfshöfði in south east Iceland in the summer of 874 and wintered nearby. In 875 he travelled westwards, wintering near Skógar, possibly in caves such as those found at Hrútafell. In 876 he continued as far as Ingólfsfjall near Selfoss, where he spent the next winter (and was later buried). He reached the Reykjavík bay in 877 and settled there. His original farmstead, well, and path to the sea are still to be found in the city centre, as is this statue dedicated to him.

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